Clinical and Disease

Cancer… diabetes… heart disease
An up-to-date look at research in the areas of acute illness and chronic disease.


Cardiovascular Adaptations to Exercise and the Athlete EKG

Exercise is great for your heart – this we know. Endurance athletes, such as cyclists, runners and rowers, undergo higher amounts of cardiac remodeling than many other types of athletes. It is a necessary adaptation to the demands placed on their bodies. The heart is responsible for nutrient and oxygen…

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CBD and Chronic Pain Syndrome

CBD molecular structure

Pain is one of the most difficult conditions to diagnose, a seemingly invisible disability. It is relative to the individual mind and body, manifests at different amplitudes, and often relies on good communication and understanding between the practitioner and patient to successfully determine its etiology. There is no cure for…

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ECG Knowledge Bank

While employed at Abrazo Arizona Heart Hospital, I became increasingly fascinated with the physiology behind cardiac dysrhythmias and ECG diagnostics.  The great thing about a telemetry gig: each 12-hour shift is different – for those with inquisitive, analytical personalities, it feeds your need. Because the hospital specializes in heart and…

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What Is the Therapeutic Value of CBD?

CBD molecular structure

Our nation is struggling to treat lifestyle constructs that foster chronic disease, an opioid crisis, and the existence of an obesity epidemic.  Further, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 6.7% of U.S. adults have suffered from a major depressive episode at least once in their life, and…

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The Therapeutic Value of THCV

In the world of cannabis medicine, CBD is trending and research supporting its medicinal claims is consistently growing. But among the familiar compounds found in cannabis, like THC and CBD, are others, each with their own supposed impact on physiological homeostasis. One such compound is Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). THCV is rumored…

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SSRIs for Anxiety: The Wrong Prescription?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the newest and most widely used class of antidepressants on the market today. Furthermore, they are prescribed for more than the treatment of depression. Individuals with bioplar disorder may also be placed on a regimen of SSRIs to augment their primary medication, or in the case…

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Mountain Biking is Good for Your Heart!

More words on Singletracks.com (I love writing for them!) The cardiovascular improvements associated with exercise are well-known, but what exactly are they, and what makes them so beneficial? In this fun article, I dive into the mechanisms behind the effects of mountain biking on heart health. Cheers! Mountain Biking: It’s Good…

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Correlation vs. Causation: Clarifying the Confusion

John Petrucci

More than ever, today’s youth are turning to video games as a primary entertainment outlet (let’s be real… some adults, too).  According to the Entertainment Software Association (ESA), nearly 2/3 of all U.S. households have at least one “frequent gamer.”  And, why not accompany the mayhem created during three hours of mazing…

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Coronary Stents: Accelerating a Modern Gold Rush?

Ask yourself one question: How do you want to survive? General hospitals derive approximately 40% of their revenue from cardiovascular procedures.  According to the 2016 Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Revenue Survey conducted by Merritt Hawkins, a physician practicing invasive cardiology generates a net annual revenue of $2,448,136 for his or her respective facility. The…

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The Mind-Body Connection to IBS

A large majority of Americans have heard of the condition Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).  Despite its seemingly common prevalence, a lot of unanswered questions surround this particular dysfunction of the gut.  Many individuals suffering from IBS lack a professional diagnosis and miss the foundational tools and understanding necessary to effectively deal…

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