Training, Exercise and Fitness

How activity impacts your health (it’s a good thing!)
Our articles investigate current research on exercise and fitness. Topics center around endurance and strength training, and the effects of nutrition, recovery, and the environment.


Antioxidants and Training: Friend or Faux?

What is the first thing that pops into your mind when you think about antioxidants? Probably something along the lines of… beneficial, healthy and great for longevity. These powerful little protectors of cellular structure and function play an important role in physical well-being, especially when obtained naturally from foods such as berries and…

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Thermoregulation, Part II: Training in the Cold

Corey Duren climbing Mt Shasta

truPhys previously published a comprehensive article discussing the mechanisms behind physiological body temperature maintenance, the positives and negatives of training in hot environments, and how carefully doing so can benefit performance.  But what about the winter months? Unless you live south of the equator in a country such as New…

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GROAZ Seminar on Ulnar Neuropathy and Arm Pump

powerpoint on ulnar neuropathy

Last October, I had the pleasure of giving a seminar on ulnar neuropathy and arm pump for members of the Gravity Riders Organization of Arizona (GROAZ).  What a cool experience, and a necessary topic to discuss!  Both conditions are fairly prevalent in mountain biking, especially for riders that participate in enduro…

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Mountain Biking Injuries: Wear Some Armor!

Sam Reynolds crash

First, I’ve very much enjoy writing for Singletracks.com. It’s a great opportunity to provide some real science to an audience that deserves it.  My latest article: You Need to Wear Body Armor: The History of Mountain Biking Injuries. It’s definitely appropriate.  I’ve sustained some pretty decent bodily damage because I choose to incorporate cycling…

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How to Combat Seasonal Affective Disorder with Mountain Biking

Got a case of the rainy season blues?  Do you experience anxiety and restlessness if it is too hot to stay active in the summer?  You’re not alone.  Many folks experience seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a clinically-recognized, cyclic mood disorder that may occur during the winter or off-seasons months. But, aside…

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Coronary Stents: Accelerating a Modern Gold Rush?

Ask yourself one question: How do you want to survive? General hospitals derive approximately 40% of their revenue from cardiovascular procedures.  According to the 2016 Physician Inpatient/Outpatient Revenue Survey conducted by Merritt Hawkins, a physician practicing invasive cardiology generates a net annual revenue of $2,448,136 for his or her respective facility. The…

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Freeride Mountain Biking: Mind the Rampage

Our Red Bull Rampage article was featured on Singletracks.com! Check it out on our site (scroll down), or there – whichever you prefer! Psyche and injury are undoubtedly connected.  Throw in the stresses associated with an intense sporting event and a fine line develops between victory and a potentially deleterious disaster.  Red Bull Rampage is…

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Thermoregulation: Training in the Heat

Phoenix. It’s hot. Sometimes, it’s hot and humid (thank you, monsoon season). The summer sun strikes your skin with the warmth akin to a burning campfire – when you sit just too close and feel the hair or clothing on your legs begin to singe from the heat.  But unlike a fire,…

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